MARWARI HORSE-BREED DESCRIPTION

India is a unique amalgamation of varying climates zones and terrains where different species of the equine family are used for diversified roles. Marwari is the original desert horse breed of Marwari region of Rajasthan state of India, capable of covering long distances with good speed by virtue of its strong limbs and hooves. . This breed can withstand intense heat and cold and adverse climatic conditions & is known for its elegance, beauty, viguor, endurance, intelligence, alertness, animated gait and peculiar ear tips touching each other.

HABITAT AND DISTRIBUTION

The Marwari Horses were predominantly native of Malani region of Barmer district of Marwar. The villages namely Nagar. Gurha, Jasol, Sindhari, Patodi, Bakhasar, some areas of Bhinmal and Sanchore and Sayla Tehsil of Jalor district are the nucleus of the Marwari Breed of horses where the climate is extreme & could range between 4ºC-48ºC. Presently these animals are also being reared in successfully in Dunload and Nawalgarh of Shekhawati & the Mewar regioni of Rajasthan. The breed is primarily maintained for show, Horse Safaris & Sport, ceremonial & religeous purposes, and during earlier days in war. It's popularity has spread to other state particularly Punjab & Gujarat.


POPULATION

As per Livestock census (1992) population of horses and ponies of different breeds in the country is approximately 817 million and the population of horses in Rajasthan is approximately 24,000 out of which it was observed that only about 3000 horses are true to Marwari breed and others are cross of Marwari with Khathiawadi or Sindhi. ​The National Research Centre on Equines, Hisar has conducted studies on delineating of breed characteristics of Marwari Horses. The breed characters are primarily based on phenotypic/biometrical measurement, genotypic markers, reproductive parameters and molecular markers.

THE HEAD AND FOREHEAD

The Marwari horse posses a well refined head with an average face length of 56 cms. And face width as 21 cms. The shape of the forehead is chiseled type, generally flat but convex forehead is also observed in many animals. The forehead is well set between the eyes with soft medium muzzle, Jaws are prominent and well built.


THE EARS

The medium sized ears are soft with an average ear length of 13 cms. From base to thetip. The average ear width is generally 8 cms. In mares, both length and width of the ears is higher than in stallions. In animals, true to the breed, tips of the ear touch when horse rotates their ear to 180º.

THE EYES AND NOSTRILS

The eyes are large round, set widely apart giving a slight convex shape to the eye balls. The nasal bone is flat and long. The nostrils are large rounded with flared look and quite sensitive.

THE SHOULDERS AND NECK

The shoulders are muscular, long and broad, Neck at poll is fine but wider near the shoulders with good musculature at the base. Neck is carried high.


THE BACK WITHER AND HIGHT AT WITHERS

The saddle back is medium and powerful with deep barrel or girth. Wither is well defined. The horses measure on an average 151.80+ 0.80cms as their height at withers. The average heart girth is generally higher in females than males (170.48 vs 168.31 cms) with average hearth girth as 169.40+ 1.28 cms is Marwari Horses.


BODY LENGTH

The body length of Marwari animals is medium. The average body length is 147.07+0.91cms

QUARTERS

The quarters are well built and muscular with a well rounded and sloppy croup.


THE LEGS

The length of the legs is medium enabling the animal to travel long distances with medium pace. The average leg length of fore leg is 100.03+ 0.761 cms and that hind leg is 100.82+ 0555 cms.


Both front and rear cannon bones are long and show a perpendicular position. The extensors and flexors are strong and sharply defined. Height at knee averages 46.84+ 0.29 cms. With shank circumference as 20 cms.

The fetlock is round and strong. The pastern is short. Strong and forward sloping. The front hoof is elongated and the hind hoof is round. The sole and wall are hard and strong. They are seldom shoed except in hills and for metalled roads.

STIFLE

Well developed and placed apart from each other.


HOCK

The hock is broad, strong high set and free of excessive tissue.


TAIL

The tail of the Marwari is well set and carried high. Average tail length is 44.45+025.cms.


BODY WEIGHT

The average body weight of Marwari Stallion is 371.57+ 10.77kg. Males are generally heavier than female.

Sex

Height
At withers
(cm)

Body
Length
(cm)

Heart
Girth
(cm)

Leg length
(fore)
(cm)

Leg length
(Hind)
(cm)

Height
At knee
(cm)

Face
Length
(cm)

Face
width
(cm)

Ear
Length
(cm)

Ear
width
(cm)

Tail
Length
(cm)

Body
Weight
(kg)

Male

152-165 140-160 160-190 85-110 98-110 42-50 55-70 16-23 12-18 7-10 40-55 350-400

Female

150-165 135-170 155-190 85-110 90-110 42-50 55-70 15-22 12-18 7-10 40-55 325-400

COLOUR

A wide range of colours is observed in Marwari Horses. The most common body colours are Bhanwar (Dark Brown) Kumet (Bay), Telia Kumat( Dark Bay), Shah Ablak(Pie Bald), Lal Ablak(Skew Bald), Surang (chestnut), Champa (Dun), Sanjab (Blue Roan), Shwet (Grey) and Kagra (Flea-bitten & Dappled Grey).

Nukra (Albino) colour is a disqualification for this breed.